a (11) | b (24) | c (19) | d (14) | e (15) | f (13) | g (2) | h (8) | i (7) | l (16) | m (11) | n (25) | o (6) | p (5) | r (21) | s (57) | t (8) | u (10) | v (6) | w (19) | y (1)
Titlesort ascending Summary Tags
larvae root feeders Tree-associated species that have larvae feeding on roots resource
larvae ground active/pupate in soil Tree-associated species that have larvae associated with the ground or soil resource
lakeside emergent/aquatic vegetation Emergent and aquatic plants found in the shallower parts of lakes. resource
lake Large bodies of open standing freshwater habitat
Labels The labels include synanthropic, parasite, ubiquitous, extinct, unknown, vagrant/introduced and include species not associated with a natural habitat. general glossary
ISIS The Invertebrate Species-habitat Information System that was a fore-runner of, and has been incorporated into, Pantheon. general glossary
inundated rot holes Cavities in the heartwood in which water accumulates, usually within the main trunk (e.g. where lateral branches have died and broken off) but includes cavities in root bases or at branch forks. resource
inquilines in galls Species that live or develop inside the galls produced by gall wasps. resource
inflorescence Species requiring the flower or seed head or other part of the inflorescence for feeding on. resource
in buildings Species associated with human activity and found in or restricted to the interior of buildings label
IEC (Revised) Index of Ecology Continuity score for saproxylic beetles (revised 2004). quality index
IEC (Original) Index of Ecology Continuity score for saproxylic beetles (1986 original list). quality index
honeydew (adult) Species that feed as adults on honeydew (the sugar-rich liquid secreted by aphids and some scale insects as they feed on plant sap) resource
honeydew & sap runs (adult) Species that feed as adults on honeydew (the sugar-rich liquid secreted by aphids and some scale insects as they feed on plant sap) or directly on sap habitat
hollow tree cavities Cavities in the heartwood that contain nests of birds, mammals or other invertebrates. resource
heavy shade Species associated with heavier shade conditions, within sheltered woodland resource
heartwood decay The assemblage type is found in and around mature and ancient trees and shrubs. SAT
heartrot There is a succession of invertebrates colonising and later dying out as the heartwood is gradually decayed by specialist decay fungi (predominantly the larger bracket fungi), cavities form, and debris accumulates in the base and composts down into wood mould. resource
habitats A label used (under the Resources heading) to group together habitat-related subdivisions subheading
Habitat The second level of the Pantheon hierarchy, under Broad biotope and above Resources. general glossary
Grazing marsh ditches: status score A score based on the conservation status of aquatic species associated with ditch systems in floodplain and coastal grazing marshes. quality index
Grazing marsh ditches: salinity index A measure of the tolerance of aquatic invertebrates to saline or brackish conditions in floodplain and coastal grazing marsh ditch systems. quality index
fungal fruiting bodies (ISIS) The assemblage type is found in and around trees and shrubs generally, but especially in older specimens. A large variety of wood-decay fungi are active in all types of woody tissues from heartwood through to twigs and roots. All produce fruiting bodies on the outside of the decaying wood and above ground, which are exploited by this assemblage type. SAT
fungal fruiting bodies A large variety of wood-decay fungi are active in all types of woody tissues from heartwood through to twigs and roots. All produce fruiting bodies on the outside of the decaying wood and above ground, which are exploited by this assemblage type. resource
freshwater seepages Freshwater seepages, often on beaches, that run through coastal habitats. These are often very small, shallow and discreet, sometimes surrounded by reeds and other vegetation. resource
freshly dead/exposed Roots that have only recent been exposed to the air. resource
freshly dead Freshly dead trunks and boughs support a specialist early successional fauna, with most species using both standing and fallen/felled wood. resource
foliage Foliage feeders, including leaves, shoots, fruits and seeds. resource
flowers, buds & shoots A species that feeds on flowers, or the young buds and shoots before they form. resource
flowers (adult) Species as adults that visit flowers for either nectar, pollen or to hunt for prey. resource
flow A resource category within the running water habitat, further subdivided into slow and fast flow subheading
flour mills/bone works Species associated with human activities and feeding on flour or bone products label
fleshy fruits Fruits such as apples and plums. resource
fast flowing streams & waterfalls The assemblage type is found within and on the margins of fast-flowing streams, especially in moss on bedrock and boulders often in the splash zone of waterfalls and torrents. SAT
fast flow Water flow with a high energy. In times of high flow vegetation is regularly scoured from the channel leaving shingle boulders and sand. Most often associated with upland streams and high energy rivers. resource
extinct species fomerly existing as native populations but now considered extinct label

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